Burhani Engineers

Electrical Engineering Company in Kenya

Common Causes Of Faults In Electrical Transmission: List By One Of The Leading Electrical Engineering Companies In Kenya

Electrical transmission lines are important for delivering power across long distances. Therefore, any malfunction in these lines can significantly disrupt power supply over a large area, affecting daily life. As one of the leading electrical engineering companies in Kenya, we share some of the common causes of faults in electrical transmission: 


  1. Weather-related Factors:

Extreme weather conditions are among the most common causes of faults in electrical transmission. Lightning strikes can directly impact transmission lines, while heavy rain, snow, and strong winds can also impair their functionality, leading to faults.

2. Equipment Failure:

Over time, the equipment essential for the smooth operation of transmission lines, such as switches, circuit breakers, and transformers, undergoes natural wear and tear. Manufacturing defects, short circuits, and insulation breakdowns due to overheating or mechanical failures are common issues that can arise, disrupting the transmission system.

3.Vegetation Interference:

Tree growth near transmission lines poses a significant risk. During storms, high winds can cause trees to fall onto the lines, resulting in short circuits and power disruptions. Regular trimming and maintaining a safe distance between trees and power lines are effective preventive measures.

4. Human Errors:

Human error during routine maintenance or other activities can lead to faults in the transmission system. Mistakes such as touching live wires or improper installation of parts can cause extensive equipment damage and widespread power outages. Proper training and expertise are essential for those working on these systems.

5. Animal Interference:

Animals and birds often inadvertently come into contact with transmission lines, causing short circuits and other issues. To mitigate this, power companies frequently use bird diverters and animal guards to protect the transmission infrastructure.

6. Ground Faults and Insulation Failures:

Insulation failure can lead to ground faults, where a current-carrying conductor comes into contact with the ground. This usually happens due to age-related degradation of the insulation or physical damage, often resulting in short circuits.

Understanding and addressing these common causes of faults in electrical transmission lines is vital for maintaining a stable and reliable power supply. It’s also important to ensure that personnel are well-trained and equipped with the right safety protocols. This includes training for emergency situations, understanding the latest industry standards, and being equipped with the right tools and protective gear.

Looking for reputed  electrical engineering firms in Kenya?

Explore our electrical engineering solutions. We provide a wide array of electrical solutions aimed at enhancing quality of life and stimulating economic progress in East Africa. As an EPC (Engineering, Procurement, and Construction) company, we are involved in all project phases, specialising in generation, distribution, and transmission services. Our expertise spans both public and private sectors, with a deep understanding of technical and commercial requirements.